Find out what a healthy cholesterol level should be by age: When should you get your numbers checked?

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Find out what a healthy cholesterol level should be by age: When should you get your numbers checked? & Nbsp | & nbspPhoto credit: & nbspGetty Images

Highlights

  • Cholesterol is a waxy substance found in every cell in the body
  • Your total cholesterol is the total amount of LDL, HDL, and triglycerides
  • The problem is, even people in their twenties can get plaque build-up.

New Delhi: So you hear about it all the time – cholesterol and triglycerides. You may already know that your lifestyle also plays a role in the development and prevention of high cholesterol. And if you’re reading this, you probably care about your health and the role it plays in the body.

But what is cholesterol anyway?

Basically, cholesterol is a waxy substance found in every cell in the body. It is both good (at normal levels) and bad (when blood levels get too high). There are two main types of cholesterol:

  • Low density lipoproteins (LDL): This is considered unhealthy or “bad” cholesterol, which builds up plaque in the arteries.
  • High Density Lipoproteins (HDL): It is called “good” cholesterol because it helps your body get rid of harmful LDL or cholesterol.

Where does cholesterol come from and what does it do?

Cholesterol is an essential substance produced by the body or absorbed from food. Your body needs cholesterol to build cells. You need cholesterol to make essential molecules like hormones (estrogen and progesterone), vitamin D, bile acids, which help you digest food and break down fat.

However, too much cholesterol (the LDL particles that adhere to the walls of the arteries) in the bloodstream can pose a threat to your health, as it can develop fatty deposits in your blood vessels or arteries. These deposits called “plaques” can cause hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosis, which is the main cause of heart attack, stroke and other vascular diseases. The plaque in your blood vessels can make it difficult for blood to flow to your brain, heart muscle, and other vital organs, resulting in high blood pressure. These deposits can rupture and cause a heart attack or stroke, or even death. The problem is, even people in their twenties can get a build-up of plaque.

Along with your HDL and LDL, a total lipid profile also measures triglycerides, a type of fat found in the bloodstream. Having a high level of triglycerides also increases your risk for cardiovascular disease. High triglycerides can also indicate metabolic syndrome – a collection of conditions such as high blood pressure, abnormal blood sugar levels, high LDL or low HDL levels, excess fat around the waist, etc. .

So, your total cholesterol is the overall amount of LDL, HDL, and triglycerides.

good cholesterol

What are the healthy / recommended cholesterol levels?

Your cholesterol levels are measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL).

Cholesterol chart for adults

Total cholesterol HDL cholesterol LDL cholesterol Triglycerides
Good

Less than 200; but the lower the better

  • 60 or more is ideal; 40 or more for men and 50 or more for women is acceptable
  • Low if it is less than 40
  • Less than 100
  • Near optimum / above optimum if it is 100-129

If they are less than 150;

Height limit

Between 200 and 239

200–239

If it’s 130-159

If they are 150-199

High 240 and over If it’s 160-189 If they are 200-499
Very high If it’s 190 or more If they are 500 or more

Values ​​for adults are consistent with Cleveland Clinic blood cholesterol management guidelines.

Cholesterol chart for children

Recommended levels for children according to the 2018 Cholesterol Management Guidelines published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC) are:

Total cholesterol HDL cholesterol LDL cholesterol Triglycerides
Good 170 or less Greater than 45 Less than 110 Under 75 in children 0 to 9 years old; under 90 in children aged 10 to 19
Limit 170–199 40-45 110–129 75-99 in children 0-9 years old; 90 to 129 in children aged 10 to 19
High 200 or more n / A 130 or more

100 or more in children 0 to 9 years old; 130 or more in children 10 to 19 years old

Low n / A Less than 40 n / A n / A

When should you get your cholesterol checked?

Your cholesterol levels tend to increase as you get older, so it is recommended that all adults have their numbers checked every 4 to 6 years, starting at age 20. healthy eating, regular exercise and sometimes medication.

Some tips for keeping your cholesterol levels within healthy limits:

  • Eat a heart-healthy diet that includes lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, beans, oats, fatty fish, nuts, etc.
  • Replace the butter with olive oil
  • Reduce salt and use spices instead
  • Avoid or limit sugary drinks and fruit juices
  • Avoid smoking
  • Drink alcohol in moderation
  • Regular exercise
  • To manage stress
  • Get enough sleep
  • Maintain a healthy body weight

An unhealthy lifestyle is the main cause of high cholesterol, which can also be inherited. So regular check-ups and healthy lifestyle choices can help prevent or lower your risk of developing high cholesterol.

Disclaimer: The tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are provided for informational purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or healthcare professional if you have specific questions about a medical problem.

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